The beautiful Teotihuacan is the most visited archaeological site in Mexico and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. Let me share with you how to get there, which are the site opening hours and fees, a summary about its history, and other recommendations on what to do during your visit.
1. How to get to Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan is located in what is now the San Juan Teotihuacán municipality in the State of México, approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) northeast of Mexico City. The site covers a total surface area of 83 square kilometres (32 sq mi). You have basically 2 options to get there:
- By bus: in the North Terminal of Buses in Mexico City there are several bus companies running continuously to Teotihuacan, as Autobuses Teotihuacan.
- By car: it's approximately 1 hour away from the north of Mexico City.
2. Opening hours and fees
- Archeological site: opened the 365 days of the year from 09:00 a 17:00 hrs.
- Site museums and temporary expositions: opened the 365 days of the year from 9:00 a 16:30 hrs
- Archeological site: $70 MXN (4 USD)
- Profesional video camaras: $45 MXN (2 USD)
- Parking: $45 MXN (2 USD)
You can find more information on the official site.
- Name: the name Teotihuacan was given by the Nahuatl-speaking Aztecs centuries after the fall of the city around 550 A.D. It means "birthplace of the gods", or "place where gods were born", this is because the Aztecs believed that the gods created the universe at that site.
- Origin and foundation: the city is thought to have been established around 100 BC. The origin of its founders is uncertain but for many years, archaeologists believed it was built by the Toltec.
- Zenith: it had a population estimated at 125,000+, making it at least the 6th largest city in the world during that time.
- Culture: Archaeological evidence suggests that Teotihuacan was a multi-ethnic city, with distinct quarters occupied by Maya, Mixtec, Nahua, Otomi and Zapotec people.
- Religion: there were several deities adored but the consensus among scholars is that the primary deity of Teotihuacan was the Great Goddess of Teotihuacan. Teotihuacanos practiced human sacrifice, the victims were probably enemy warriors captured in battle, sacrificed to ensure the city could prosper.
- Collapse: there are some theories saying invaders attacked the city in the 7th or 8th century, sacking and burning it; but others think it was an internal uprising.
- Site layout: the city's broad central avenue, called "Avenue of the Dead" is flanked by impressive ceremonial architecture, including:
- The Pyramid of the Sun: 3rd largest in the World after the Great Pyramid of Cholula and the Great Pyramid of Giza.
- The Pyramid of the Moon
- The Citadel: is a great enclosed compound capable of holding 100,000 people and containing the Temple of Quetzalcoatl.
More information about the site layout in this website.
- Food: in the archeological site there is a typical restaurant called La Gruta in which you can taste delicious plates and watch pre-hispanic shows. Also, you can take a bus to the nearest town and in 5 minutes you'll be able to choose between several restaurants.
- Balloon rides: there are several companies offering balloon rides as Globos aerostaticos, Vuelos en Globos, Vuelos en Globo and Aventury.
- Souvenirs: across all the site you'll find different typical souvenirs.
Come to Teotihuacan, you'll love it!