Living in Germany and naturalization test exam preparation

Leben in Deutschland Test Main

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The “Living in Germany” test is a crucial step for people applying for German citizenship or a permanent residence permit.

Why should you take this test?

Anyone applying for German citizenship or permanent residency must take this test to demonstrate their understanding of German history, politics, culture and everyday life.

How many questions does the Living in Germany test have?

A total of 310 questions, including 300 general questions and 10 questions about the federal state in which you live. The test consists of 33 multiple-choice questions. To pass the test, applicants must answer at least 17 questions correctly.

What is the best way to study for the Living in Germany test?

In this article you will find the best study guide to help you pass the test in a short time by learning the most important things. Taking an integration course, using online resources or practice tests can also be an option, but it is time-consuming.

How was this study guide created?

If you take a look at the questions, you will probably notice two important points:

  1. The list of questions is set up in a mixed format. For example, a history question may be followed by a politics question and then another history question.
  2. Some questions may be repeated but worded differently.

In this Living in Germany test guide:

  1. All questions are organized by topic
  2. Repeated questions are grouped together
  3. Each topic is preceded by a short explanation
  4. Only the correct answers are shown

This efficient approach will greatly simplify your learning process, saving you time and serving as a basis for further exercises with apps to consolidate your learning.

Important: the Test can only be taken in german, you can find HERE all the questions in this language.


Questions in the “Living in Germany” test

  1. Constitutional bodies
  • Federal President: 44, 58, 70, 75, 84, 86, 87
  • Federal Chancellor: 71, 72, 81, 82, 83
  • Federal Constitutional Court: 80
  • Bundesrat: 85, 90, 91
  • Bundestag: 28, 55, 57, 65, 74, 98, 129
  • Parliament: 13, 20, 31, 42, 43, 48, 88, 89

2. Constitutional principles

  • Constitution: 6, 11
  • Form of government: 22, 34
  • Rechtstaat: 3, 51, 53
  • Federal state: 26, 27
  • Sovereignty of the people: 52, 61
  • Democracy: 30, 41

3. State powers

  • Legislative: 60
  • Executive: 63, 148
  • Judiciary: 143, 144, 145, 147
  • No state power: 32, 54

4. Federalism

  • Federal, state and local authorities: 24, 25, 37, 38, 39, 49, 64, 67

5. Social system

  • Financing of social insurance: 23, 35, 99, 97, 285
  • Social insurance: 36, 45, 100

6. Basic rights

  • Article 1 Protection of human dignity: 1
  • Article 3 Principle of equality: 17, 262, 277, 278, 281, 289
  • Article 4 Freedom of faith and conscience: 7
  • Article 5 Freedom of expression, freedom of the press: 1, 4, 8, 12, 14, 16
  • Article 7 Right to choose a school and to receive and participate in religious education: 2
  • Article 8 Freedom of assembly: 134
  • Article 10 Secrecy of correspondence, post and telecommunications: 274
  • Article 11 Freedom of movement: 19
  • Article 16a Right of asylum: 9

7. Elections and participation

  • Landtag: 62
  • Bundestag: 93, 94, 107, 108, 109, 110, 116, 124, 128, 130
  • 5 % hurdle: 117, 121, 123, 127
  • Elections in Germany: 5, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 118, 119, 120, 122, 125, 126, 132, 133

8. Political parties

  • Political parties: 59, 73, 103
  • Abbreviation: 76, 78, 79, 92

9. Tasks of the state

  • 46, 47, 68, 77

10. Obligations

  • Elections: 105, 106, 282
  • Education of the children: 95, 248, 249, 260
  • Identity card: 96

11. State symbols

  • 21, 29, 40, 66, 209, 212, 214, 216

12. Municipality

  • 56, 69, 131, 253, 255, 256, 259, 265, 273, 288

13. Law and work

  • 15, 101, 104, 135, 136, 137, 138, 286, 287

14. Law and family

  • Children: 241, 242, 247, 251, 258
  • Married couple: 245, 252, 254, 267, 272, 275

15. Law and everyday life

  • Court of law: 10, 139, 140, 141, 142, 146, 149, 150

  • Everyday life: 246, 263, 266, 279, 290

  • Authority: 102, 243, 268, 276, 280, 283, 291

16. National Socialism and its consequences

  • National Socialism 1933 to 1945: 152, 155, 156
  • Dictatorship: 157, 158, 159, 161, 170, 220
  • Jewish businesses in 1938: 163, 164
  • Second World War: 153, 154, 160, 162, 179, 184

17. Important stages after 1945

  • Market economy: 50, 171, 183
  • Occupation zones: 175, 176, 177, 178, 167, 168, 169, 172, 174
  • DDR: 182, 187, 190, 199, 208, 203, 217
  • Warsaw Pact: 185, 202, 207
  • Berlin Wall: 151, 188, 189, 193
  • Demonstrations: 186, 210, 166
  • Federal Chancellor: 165, 180, 181, 211, 215

18. Reunification

  • Federal states in the DDR: 192, 195, 197, 198, 200, 201, 204
  • 1989: 191, 196, 206
  • 1990: 194, 205, 218, 219, 228

19. Germany in Europe

  • Neighboring countries: 222, 223, 225, 227, 229, 233
  • European Union: 173, 221, 224, 226, 230, 231, 232, 234, 235, 236, 238, 

20. Religious diversity

  • 33, 292, 294, 295, 296

21. Education

  • Kindergarten: 269
  • High school diploma: 244, 257, 261
  • Further training: 270
  • Formation: 250, 284

22. Migration history

  • 297, 298, 299, 300

23. Intercultural coexistence

  • 264, 271, 293
Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Verfassungsorganen

1. Constitutional bodies

The Federal President

44: Who cannot be directly elected as a citizen in Germany?

✓ The Federal President

58: Who appoints the ministers of the Federal Government in Germany?

✓ the Federal President

70: The German Federal President Gustav Heinemann gives Helmut Schmidt the certificate of appointment as German Federal Chancellor in 1974. What are the duties of the German Federal President?

✓ He/she proposes the Chancellor for election.

84: What is the main task of the German Federal President? He / she …

✓ Represents the country.

86: Who elects the Federal President in Germany?

✓ The Federal Assembly

87: Who is the head of state of the Federal Republic of Germany?

✓ the Federal President

75: What is the name of Germany’s current head of state?

✓ Frank-Walter Steinmeier

Federal Chancellor / the German Chancellor

71: Where does the German Federal Chancellor spend the most time? He/she is most often …

✓ in Berlin, because the Federal Chancellery and the Bundestag are located there.

72: What is the name of the current Federal Chancellor of Germany?

✓ Olaf Scholz

81: Who elects the Federal Chancellor in Germany?

✓ the Bundestag

83: Who elects the Chancellor of Germany?

✓ the Bundestag

82: Who heads the German Federal Cabinet?

✓ the Federal Chancellor / the Federal Chancellor

Federal Constitutional Court

80: Which court in Germany is responsible for interpreting the Basic Law?

✓ Federal Constitutional Court

Federal Council

85: Who makes up the German Bundesrat?

✓ The government representatives of the federal states

90: The German federal states participate in federal legislation through …

✓ the Bundesrat.

91: In Germany, a change of government in a federal state can have an impact on federal policy. Governing becomes …

✓ more difficult if this changes the majority in the Bundesrat.


28: Who elects the members of the Bundestag in Germany?

✓ The people who are entitled to vote

57: Who is usually elected President of the German Bundestag?

✓ A member of parliament from the strongest parliamentary group

65: It is not one of the tasks of the German Bundestag to …

✓ to form the Federal Cabinet.

74: What is the name of the parliament for the whole of Germany?

✓ Bundestag

98: When members of the German Bundestag change their parliamentary group, …

✓ the government can lose its majority.

129: In Germany, the people elect…

✓ the Bundestag.

55: What does this picture show?

✓ the seat of the Bundestag in Berlin


13: In parliament, the term “opposition” stands for…

✓ all members of parliament who do not belong to the governing party/parties.

20: A party in Germany pursues the goal of establishing a dictatorship. It is then …

✓ unconstitutional.

31: In Germany, the cooperation of parties to form a government is called …

✓ Coalition.

42: Who passes a new law in Germany?

✓ the parliament

43: When can a party be banned in Germany?

✓ if it fights against the constitution

88: The parliamentary opposition in the German Bundestag …

✓ controls the government.

89: In Germany, what is the association of members of a party in parliament called?

✓ parliamentary group

48: Which body is not one of Germany’s constitutional bodies?

✓ the citizens’ assembly

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Verfassungsprinzipien

2. Constitutional Principles

Basic Law

6: What is the German constitution called?

✓ Basic Law

11: What is the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany called?

✓ Basic Law

Form of government

22: What form of government does Germany have?

✓ Republic

34: What is Germany not?

✓ a monarchy

Constitutional state

3: Germany is a constitutional state. What does this mean?

✓ All residents and the state must abide by the law.

51: It is not part of a democratic constitutional state that …

✓ people are arrested by a private police force without reason.

53: What does “rule of law” mean in Germany?

✓ The state must comply with the law.

Federal state

26: Germany is …

✓ a democratic and social federal state.

27: Germany is …

✓ a federal state.

Sovereignty of the people

52: What does “popular sovereignty” mean? All state power emanates from the …

✓ the people.

61: What does “popular sovereignty” mean?

✓ The power of the state emanates from the people.


30: What is not a feature of our democracy?

✓ Press censorship

41: Why is there more than one party in a democracy?

✓ because this ensures that the different opinions of citizens are represented

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Staatliche Gewalten

3. State powers


60: In Germany, the Bundestag and the Bundesrat belong to the …

✓ Legislative branch.


63: What is not part of the executive branch in Germany?

✓ the courts

148: What is a task of the police in Germany?

✓ To monitor compliance with the law


143: A judge in Germany belongs to the …

✓ Judiciary.

144: A judge in Germany belongs to the …

✓ judicial power.

145: In Germany, state power is shared. For which state authority does a judge work? For the …

✓ Judiciary.

147: What is the work of a judge in Germany?

✓ To dispense justice

No state of authority

32: What is not state authority in Germany?

✓ Press

54: What is not state authority in Germany?


Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Föderalismus (Bund, Lander, Kommunen)

You can find out more about federalism HERE.

4. Federalism

24: How many federal states does the Federal Republic of Germany have?

✓ 16

25: What is not a federal state of the Federal Republic of Germany?

✓ Alsace-Lorraine

37: What are the heads of government of most federal states in Germany called?

✓ Prime Minister

38: The Federal Republic of Germany is a democratic and social …

✓ Federal state.

39: What does every German federal state have?

✓ its own government

64: Today, the Federal Republic of Germany is divided into …

✓ federal government, states and municipalities.

49: Who determines school policy in Germany?

✓ the federal states

67: What is primarily a task of the federal states in Germany?

✓ School policy

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Sozialsystem

More about social insurance HERE.

5. Social security system

Financing of social insurance

23: In Germany, most people in employment are …

✓ are employed by a company or public authority.

99: Who pays for social insurance in Germany?

✓ Employers and employees

97: What do you automatically pay in Germany if you are permanently employed?

✓ Social insurance

35: How does the German state finance social insurance?

✓ Social security contributions

285: Ms. Frost works as a permanent employee in an office. What does she not have to pay from her salary?

✓ Value added tax.

Social security

36: Which measure creates social security in Germany?

✓ Health insurance

45: Which insurance does long-term care insurance belong to?

✓ Social insurance

100: What does not belong to statutory social insurance?

✓ Life insurance

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Grundrechte

6. Fundamental rights

Article 1: Protection of human dignity

18: Which fundamental right is guaranteed in Article 1 of the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany?

✓ The inviolability of human dignity

Article 3: The principle of equality

17: German laws prohibit …

✓ unequal treatment of citizens by the state.

262: What does the principle of equal treatment mean in Germany?

✓ No one may be discriminated against because of a disability, for example.

277: A woman who has a two-year-old child applies for a job in Germany. What is an example of discrimination? She does not get the job only because she …

✓ is a mother.

278: A man in a wheelchair has applied for a job as an accountant. What is an example of discrimination? He doesn’t get the job only because he …

✓ is in a wheelchair.

281: Two friends want to go to a public swimming pool in Germany. Both have dark skin and are therefore not allowed in. Which right is being violated in this situation? The right to…

✓ Equal treatment.

289: A man with dark skin color applies for a job as a waiter in a restaurant in Germany. What is an example of discrimination? He doesn’t get the job only because…

✓ he has dark skin.

Article 4: Freedom of belief and conscience

7: Which right is one of the fundamental rights guaranteed under the German constitution? The right to …

✓ Freedom of faith and conscience

Article 5: Freedom of opinion, freedom of the press

1: In Germany, people are allowed to openly say something against the government because …

✓ freedom of opinion applies here.

4: Which right is one of the fundamental rights in Germany?

✓ Freedom of opinion

8: What is not in Germany’s Basic Law?

✓ Everyone should have the same amount of money.

12: A party in the German Bundestag wants to abolish freedom of the press. Is that possible?

✓ No, because freedom of the press is a fundamental right. It cannot be abolished.

14: Freedom of opinion in Germany means that I can …

✓ can express my opinion in letters to the editor.

16: When is freedom of expression restricted in Germany?

✓ when false allegations about individuals are spread publicly

Article 7: Right to choose a school and to receive and participate in religious education

2: In Germany, parents can decide up to the age of 14 whether their child should take part in …

✓ Religious education.

Article 8 Freedom of assembly

134: They want to abolish the bus line you always take to work. What can you do to keep the bus line?

✓ I can take part in a citizens’ initiative to preserve the bus route or set up an initiative myself.

Article 10: Secrecy of correspondence, post and telecommunications

274: You deliberately opened a letter in Germany that was addressed to another person. What did you ignore?

✓ the secrecy of correspondence

Article 11: Freedom of movement

19: What is meant by the right of “freedom of movement” in Germany?

✓ You are allowed to choose your own place of residence.

Article 16a: Right to asylum

9: Which fundamental right only applies to foreigners in Germany? The fundamental right to …

✓ Asylum

7. Elections and participation


62: When the parliament of a German federal state is elected, it is called a …

✓ State parliament election.


93: The more “second votes” a party receives in a Bundestag election, the …

✓ more seats the party gets in parliament.

94: From what age can you vote in elections to the German Bundestag in Germany?

✓ 18

107: For how many years is the Bundestag elected in Germany?

✓ 4 years.

108: In a Bundestag election in Germany, anyone who is a…

✓ is a citizen of the Federal Republic of Germany and is at least 18 years old.

109: How often are there normally federal elections in Germany?

✓ Every four years.

110: For how many years is the Bundestag elected in Germany?

✓ 4 years.

116: If you are allowed to vote in a Bundestag election in Germany, does that mean…

✓ active right to vote.

124: The Bundestag election in Germany is the election…

✓ of the parliament for Germany.

128: Members of parliament who are elected by the citizens are called…

✓ Members of parliament.

130: Which ballot paper would be valid in a Bundestag election?

✓ 1.

5 % hurdle

117: What is the minimum percentage of second votes that parties must receive in order to be elected to the German Bundestag?

✓ 5 %.

121: A party wants to be elected to the German Bundestag. However, it must have a minimum percentage of votes. That means…

✓ 5 % hurdle.

123: What is the “5% hurdle” in Germany?

✓ Minimum percentage of votes to get into parliament.

127: Why is there a 5% hurdle in the electoral law of the Federal Republic of Germany? It exists because…

✓ many small parties make it difficult to form a government.

Elections in Germany

5: Elections in Germany are free. What does that mean?

✓ The voter must not be influenced or forced to cast a particular vote and must not be disadvantaged by the election.

111: You are allowed to vote in Germany. What does that mean?

✓ All German citizens may vote if they have reached the minimum age.

112: Elections in Germany are…

✓ secret.

113: Elections in Germany are won by the party that…

✓ gets the most votes.

114: Participating in democratic elections in Germany is…

✓ a right.

115: What does “right to vote” mean in Germany?

✓ You can vote.

118: What regulates the right to vote in Germany?

✓ Anyone who is allowed to vote can vote.

119: Elections in Germany are free. What does that mean?

✓ Every person can decide without coercion whether they want to vote and who they want to vote for.

120: The electoral system in Germany is a…

✓ Majority and proportional representation.

122: Which principle governs elections in Germany? Elections in Germany are…

✓ free, equal, secret.

125: In a democracy, one function of regular elections is to…

✓ to enable a change of government according to the will of the majority of voters.

126: What do citizens entitled to vote in Germany receive before an election?

✓ an election notification from the municipality.

132: Many people in Germany do voluntary work in their free time. What does that mean?

✓ They work voluntarily and unpaid in clubs and associations.

133: What is allowed in federal and state elections in Germany?

✓ You can cast your vote by postal vote.

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Parteien

8. Parties

Political parties

59: Which parties in Germany became the party “Die Linke” in 2007?

✓ PDS and WASG

73: The two largest parliamentary groups in the German Bundestag are currently …

✓ CDU/CSU and SPD.

103: What is called a “traffic light coalition” in Germany? The cooperation…

✓ of SPD, FDP and Alliance 90/The Greens in a government.


76: What does the abbreviation CDU mean in Germany?

✓ Christian Democratic Union

78: What does the abbreviation SPD mean?

✓ Social Democratic Party of Germany

79: What does the abbreviation FDP mean in Germany?

✓ Free Democratic Party

92: What does the abbreviation CSU mean in Germany?

✓Christian Social Union

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Staates

9. Tasks of the state

46: The German state has many tasks. Which task is one of them?

✓ It builds roads and schools.

47: The German state has many tasks. Which task is not one of them?

✓ It pays for vacation trips for all citizens.

68: Why does the state control the school system in Germany?

✓ Because it is its task according to the Basic Law

77: What is the Bundeswehr?

✓ the German army

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Pflichten

10 Duties


105: What are the duties of poll workers in Germany?

✓ They count the votes after the end of the election.

106: In Germany, voluntary election assistants help with the elections. What is one of the tasks of poll workers?

✓ They count the votes after the end of the election.

282: Which honorary office must German citizens / nationals take on if they are asked to do so?

✓ Election assistant.

Education of children

95: What applies to most children in Germany?

✓ Compulsory schooling

248: The education of children in Germany is primarily the task …

✓ of the parents.

249: Who is mainly responsible for raising children in Germany?

✓ the parents

260: In Germany, a child at school has …

✓ compulsory attendance.

Identity card

96: What must every German citizen have from the age of 16?

✓ an identity card

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Staatssymbole

11 State symbols

21: What is the coat of arms of the Federal Republic of Germany?

✓ 1

29: Which animal is the heraldic animal of the Federal Republic of Germany?

✓ Eagle

40: What words does the German national anthem begin with?

✓ Unity and justice and freedom …

66: Who wrote the lyrics to the German national anthem?

✓ Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben

214: What are the colors of the German flag?

✓ black-red-gold

216: Which symbol can be seen in the plenary chamber of the German Bundestag?

✓ The federal eagle.

209: What was the coat of arms of the German Democratic Republic?

✓ 4

212: What is the full name of Germany?

✓ Federal Republic of Germany

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Kommune

12. Municipality

56: Which office is part of the municipal administration in Germany?

✓ Public order office

69: The Federal Republic of Germany has a three-tier administrative structure. What is the name of the lowest political level?

✓ Municipalities

131: In Germany, a mayor is…

✓ the head of a municipality.

253: Where do you have to register when you move in Germany?

✓ At the residents’ registration office

255: Parents in Germany can get help with parenting problems from …

✓ Youth Welfare Office.

256: A married couple would like to open a restaurant in Germany. What do they absolutely need?

✓ a restaurant license from the responsible authority

259: The BIZ career information center at the Federal Employment Agency in Germany helps with …

✓ search for an apprenticeship.

265: Where do you have to go first in Germany if you want to get married?

✓ To the registry office

273: If you have parenting problems in Germany, you go …

✓ to the youth welfare office.

288: At which office do you usually have to register your dog in Germany?

✓ At the local authority (city or municipality).

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Recht und Arbeit

13. Law and work

104: A woman in Germany loses her job. What should not be the reason for this dismissal?

✓ The woman is having a child and her boss knows it.

136: You go to the labor court in Germany at…

✓ unjustified dismissal by your boss.

137: Which court in Germany is responsible for disputes in the world of work?

✓ The labor court.

138: What can I do in Germany if my employer has unfairly dismissed me?

✓ Bring an action for unfair dismissal.

286: Which organization in a company helps employees if they have problems with their employer?

✓ The works council.

287: You would like to terminate your employment with a company in Germany. What do you have to consider?

✓ The notice period.

15: What does the German constitution prohibit?

✓ Forced labor

101: Trade unions are associations representing the interests of…

✓ Employees and workers.

135: Who do trade unions represent in Germany?

✓ Male and female employees.

14. Law and family


241: Mrs. Seger is having a child. What does she have to do to receive parental allowance?

✓ She must submit an application to the parental allowance office.

242: Who decides whether a child goes to kindergarten in Germany?

✓ The parents / legal guardians

247: A woman is pregnant. She is specially protected by law shortly before and after the birth of her child. What is this protection called?

✓ Maternity protection

251: If you hit a child in Germany, …

✓ you can be punished for it.

258: What is the Jugendamt allowed to do in Germany?

✓ It can remove a child from the family if it is beaten or starved.

Married couple

245: Who is not allowed to live together as a couple in Germany?

✓ Anne (13 years old) and Tim (25 years old)

252: In Germany …

✓ you are only allowed to be married to one partner at a time.

254: In Germany, married couples are allowed to divorce. They usually have to observe the “year of separation”. What does that mean?

✓ Husband and wife lead their own separate lives for at least one year. After that, divorce is possible.

267: A young woman in Germany, 22 years old, lives with her boyfriend. The woman’s parents don’t like it because they don’t like the boyfriend. What can the parents do?

✓ They must respect the decision of their adult daughter.

272: Which living arrangement is not permitted in Germany?

✓ A man is married to two women at the same time.

275: What is required for a divorce in Germany?

✓ The support of a lawyer

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Recht und Alltag

15 Law and everyday life


10: What is compatible with the German constitution?

✓ The fine

139: When does a trial take place in court in Germany? When someone…

✓ has committed a criminal offense and is charged.

140: What does a lay judge do in Germany? He / she …

✓ decides with judges on guilt and punishment.

141: Who advises people in Germany on legal issues and represents them in court?

✓ a lawyer (male or female)

142: What is the main task of a judge in Germany? A judge …

✓ works at a court and pronounces judgments.

146: What is a procedure before a court called in Germany?

✓ Trial

149: Who can become a lay judge in Germany?

✓ All German citizens older than 24 and younger than 70 years of age

150: A lay judge in Germany is …

✓ an honorary judge in a court of law.

Everyday life

246: At what age do you reach the age of majority in Germany?

✓ 18

263: In Germany, young people are of criminal age from the age of 14. This means that young people aged 14 and over who violate criminal laws …

✓ are punished.

266: When does the legal night-time rest period begin in Germany?

✓ at 10 p.m.

279: Most apartment buildings in Germany have “house rules”. What do these “house rules” say? It states…

✓ rules that all residents must abide by.

290: You have bought a television in Germany. You unpack the TV at home, but it doesn’t work. The TV is broken. What can you do?

✓ Make a complaint about the television.


102: What can you be honored with in the Federal Republic of Germany if you have made a special achievement in the political, economic, cultural, intellectual or social field? With the…

✓ Federal Cross of Merit.

243: Maik and Sybille want to hold a demonstration on the street with friends in their home town in Germany. What do they have to do first?

✓ They have to register the demonstration.

268: A young woman wants to get her driver’s license. She is afraid of the test because her mother tongue is not German. What is the right thing to do?

✓ She may be able to take the theory test in her native language. There are more than ten languages to choose from.

276: What should you do if you are treated badly by your contact person at a German authority?

✓ I can complain to the head of the authority.

280: If you want to defend yourself against an incorrect tax assessment in Germany, you must…

✓ lodge an objection.

283: What do you do if you receive an incorrect invoice from a German authority?

✓ I lodge an objection with the authority.

291: Why do you have to write down on your tax return in Germany whether you belong to a church or not? Because…

✓ there is a church tax that is linked to income and wage tax.

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - NASI

16. National Socialism and its consequences

National Socialism 1933 to 1945

152: When were the National Socialists with Adolf Hitler in power in Germany?

✓ 1933 to 1945

155: When were the National Socialists in power in Germany?

✓ 1933 to 1945

156: In which year did Hitler become Reich Chancellor?

✓ 1933


157: The National Socialists with Adolf Hitler established a dictatorship in Germany in 1933 …

✓ a dictatorship.

158: The “Third Reich” was a …

✓ a dictatorship.

159: What did not exist in Germany during the National Socialist era?

✓ free elections

161: What characterized the Nazi state? A policy …

✓ of state racism

170: What happened during the National Socialist era in Germany?

✓ the banning of political parties

220: January 27 is an official day of remembrance in Germany. What does this day commemorate?

✓ the victims of National Socialism

Jewish businesses in 1938

163: In which year did the National Socialists destroy synagogues and Jewish stores in Germany?

✓ 1938

164: What happened in Germany on November 9, 1938?

✓ Jewish stores and synagogues are destroyed by National Socialists and their supporters.

Second World War

153: What happened on May 8, 1945?

✓ End of the Second World War in Europe

154: When did the Second World War end?

✓ 1945

160: Which war lasted from 1939 to 1945?

✓ The Second World War

162: Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg became famous for …

✓ the assassination attempt on Hitler on July 20, 1944.

179: How did the Second World War officially end in Europe?

✓ by the unconditional surrender of Germany

184: What did people in Germany call “zero hour” for a very long time?

✓ This was understood to mean the end of the Second World War and the beginning of reconstruction.

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - BRD, DDR

17. Important stages after 1945

Market economy

50: The economic system in Germany is called …

✓ social market economy.

171: A social market economy means that the economy …

✓ is based on supply and demand, but the state ensures a social balance.

183: When was the “economic miracle” in the Federal Republic of Germany?

✓ 50s

Occupation zones

175: How many occupation zones were there in Germany after the Second World War?

✓ 4

176: How were the occupation zones of Germany distributed after 1945?

✓ 1=Great Britain, 2=Soviet Union, 3=USA, 4=France

177: Which German city was divided into four sectors after the Second World War?

✓ Berlin

178: From June 1948 to May 1949, the citizens of West Berlin were supplied by an airlift. What was the reason for this?

✓ The Soviet Union interrupted all land transportation.

167: Which countries were referred to as “Allied occupying powers” in Germany after the Second World War?

✓ USA, Soviet Union, Great Britain, France

168: Which country was not an “Allied occupying power” in Germany?

✓ Japan

169: When was the Federal Republic of Germany founded?

✓ 1949

172: In which occupation zone was the GDR founded? In the …

✓ Soviet occupation zone.

174: When was the GDR founded?

✓ 1949


182: Which parties were forcibly united in 1946 to form the SED, the unified party of the later GDR?

✓ KPD and SPD

187: Which German state had a black, red and gold flag with a hammer, compass and spike wreath?


190: What does the abbreviation DDR mean?

✓ German Democratic Republic

199: In the GDR, the abbreviation “Stasi” meant …

✓ the Ministry for State Security.

208: What was the “Stasi”?

✓ the secret service of the GDR

203: What was the GDR’s economic system called?

✓ Planned economy

217: In which period did the German Democratic Republic (GDR) exist?

✓ 1949 to 1990

Warsaw Pact

185: What did the term “Iron Curtain” stand for? For the sealing off …

✓ of the Warsaw Pact against the West.

202: Who did the GDR belong to during the ‘Cold War’?

✓ to the Warsaw Pact

207: Which military alliance was the GDR a member of?

✓ in the Warsaw Pact

Berlin Wall

151: Who built the Wall in Berlin?

✓ the GDR

188: In which year was the Wall in Berlin built?

✓ 1961

189: When did the GDR build the Wall in Berlin?

✓ 1961

193: From 1961 to 1989 Berlin was …

✓ divided by a wall.


186: In 1953, there was an uprising in the GDR, which was commemorated for a long time by a public holiday in the Federal Republic of Germany. When was that?

✓ June 17

210: What happened on June 17, 1953 in the GDR?

✓ Nationwide strikes and a popular uprising

166: At which demonstrations in Germany did people chant “We are the people”?

✓ at the Monday demonstrations in 1989 in the GDR

Federal Chancellor

165: What was the name of the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany?

✓ Konrad Adenauer

180: The first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany was …

✓ Konrad Adenauer.

181: What did Willy Brandt want to express by kneeling in the former Jewish ghetto in Warsaw in 1970?

✓ He asked Poland and the Polish Jews for forgiveness.

211: Which politician stands for the “Ostverträge”?

✓ Willy Brandt

215: Who is known as the “Chancellor of German Unity”?

✓ Helmut Kohl

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - DDR History

18. Reunification

Federal state in the GDR

192: Which current German federal state used to be part of the GDR?

✓ Brandenburg

195: Which present-day German state used to be part of the GDR?

✓ Saxony-Anhalt

197: Which present-day German state used to be part of the GDR?

✓ Thuringia

198: Which present-day German state used to be part of the GDR?

✓ Saxony

200: Which present-day German state used to be part of the GDR?

✓ Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

201: Which of the following lists only contains federal states that belonged to the territory of the former GDR?

✓ Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Brandenburg, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia

204: How did the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR become one state?

✓ Today’s five eastern federal states joined the Federal Republic of Germany.


191: When was the Berlin Wall opened to everyone?

✓ 1989

196: Why is the period in the fall of 1989 in the GDR called “Die Wende”? During this time, the GDR changed politically …

✓ from a dictatorship to a democracy.

206: What did the word “Monday demonstration” mean in Germany in 1989?

✓ Mondays were demonstrations against the GDR regime.


194: On October 3, Germany celebrates the Day of German …

✓ Unity.

205: With the accession of the GDR to the Federal Republic of Germany, the new federal states now also belong …

✓ to the European Union.

218: How many federal states were added to the Federal Republic of Germany during reunification in 1990?

✓ 5

219: The Federal Republic of Germany has had today’s borders since …

✓ 1990.

228: What is the accession of the GDR to the Federal Republic of Germany in 1990 generally called?

✓ German reunification

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Deutschland in Europa

19 Germany in Europe

Neighboring country

222: Which country is a neighboring country of Germany?

✓ Switzerland

223: Which country is a neighboring country of Germany?

✓ Poland

227: Which country is a neighboring country of Germany?

✓ Denmark

229: Which country is a neighboring country of Germany?

✓ Luxembourg

233: Which country is a neighboring country of Germany?

✓ Czech Republic

225: In which other country is there a large German-speaking population?

✓ Austria

European Union

221: Germany is a member of the Schengen Agreement. What does that mean?

✓ Germans can travel to many European countries without passport control.

173: The Federal Republic of Germany is a founding member …

✓ of the European Union (EU).

224: What does the abbreviation EU mean?

✓ European Union

226: What is the flag of the European Union?

✓ 2

231: What does the term “European integration” mean?

✓ The term refers to the merger of European states to form the EU.

230: The European Parliament is elected regularly, namely every …

✓ 5 years.

232: Who is elected in the European elections?

✓ the members of the European Parliament

234: Where is the seat of the European Parliament?

✓ Strasbourg

238: Where does the European Parliament work?

✓ Strasbourg, Luxembourg and Brussels

235: French President François Mitterrand and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl commemorate the dead of both world wars together in Verdun. What goal of the European Union is made clear at this meeting?

✓ Peace and security in the countries of the EU

236: How many member states does the EU have today?

✓ 27

213: How many inhabitants does Germany have?

✓ 83 million

Treaties of Rome

237: The 50th anniversary of the “Treaties of Rome” was celebrated in 2007. What was the content of the treaties?

✓ Foundation of the European Economic Community (EEC)

239: Which treaties brought the Federal Republic of Germany together with other countries to form the European Economic Community?

✓ Through the “Treaties of Rome”

240: Since when have people in Germany been paying in cash with the euro?

✓ 2002

20: Religious diversity

33: Which statement is correct? In Germany …

✓ the state and religious communities are separate from each other.

292: People in Germany live according to the principle of religious tolerance. What does that mean?

✓ Everyone can believe what they want.

294: Pentecost is a…

✓ Christian holiday.

295: Which religion has shaped European and German culture?

✓ Christianity.

296: In Germany, the last four weeks before Christmas are called…

✓ the Advent season.

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Bildung

You can find out more about the German education system HERE.

21. Education


269: In Germany, children from the age of three until they start school for the first time are entitled to …

✓ a place in kindergarten.


244: What school-leaving qualification do you normally need to start studying at a university in Germany?

✓ the Abitur

257: An adult woman would like to take the Abitur in Germany. She can do this at …

✓ an evening high school.

261: A man would like to catch up on his Abitur in Germany at the age of 30. Where can he do this? At …

✓ an evening grammar school.

Further education

270: The adult education center in Germany is an institution …

✓ for further education.


250: In Germany, you have the best chance of getting a well-paid job if you …

✓ are well educated.

284: What you need to be able to do for work will change very quickly in the future. What can you do?

✓ Adults must continue to learn even after they have completed their training.

More about the migration history HERE.

22. Migration history

297: From which country did most migrants come to Germany?

✓ Turkey.

298: In the GDR, migrants lived mainly from…

✓ Vietnam, Poland, Mozambique.

299: Foreign workers who were recruited by the Federal Republic of Germany in the 1950s and 1960s were called…

✓ Guest workers.

300: From which country did the first guest workers come to the Federal Republic of Germany?

✓ Italy.

Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest - Interkulturelles Zusammenleben

More about Rosenmontag HERE.

23 Intercultural coexistence

264: At which festival do people in Germany wear colorful costumes and masks?

✓ on Rose Monday

271: What is a custom in Germany at Christmas?

✓ decorating a Christmas tree

293: What is a custom in Germany at Easter?

✓ Painting eggs.

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Leben in deutschland und einbürgerungstest study guide

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